types of stone masonry ppt


Natural stone tiles are just that slabs of natural stone that have been cut to size and shape. Stone tends to be heavier than ceramics, and has a natural variability in colour and surface finish. 2%4#0',#!! Travertine tiles are natural limestone, laid down in layers over millions of years as a sedimentary rock. Although technically

Types of Dams | USSD | United States Society on Dams

Masonry Dam. Any dam constructed mainly of stone, brick, or concrete blocks jointed with mortar. A dam having only a masonry facing should not be referred to as a masonry dam. Rubble dam . A stone masonry dam in which the stones are unshaped or uncoursed.

Common Types of Stones Used in Construction | Construction

Its porosity varies from 5 to 25 per cent. Weathering of rocks renders it unsuitable as building stone. It is desirable to use sand stones with silica cement for heavy structures, if necessary. They are used for masonry work, for dams, bridge piers and river walls. Slate. These are metamorphic rocks. They are composed of quartz, mica and clay minerals.

Stone Consolidation: halts decay and prolongs life

Natural weathering of stone is inevitable, but some types have a structure that makes them more durable than others. There are three major causes of deterioration in natural stone; pollutants, frost and crystallisation of soluble salts.

Basic Brick Construction QUIKRETE

wythes of masonry together. Rowlock. A brick laid on its face, or edge. Soldier. A brick laid on its end so that its longest dimension is parallel to the vertical axis of the face of the wall. Stretcher. A masonry unit laid flat with its longest dimension parallel to the face of the wall. Wythe. A .

Types of masonry walls

What is Masonry ? Masonry is the building of structures from individual units laid in and bound together by mortar; the term masonry can also refer to the units themselves. The common materials of masonry construction are brick, stone, marble, granite, travertine, limestone, cast .

Advantages and Disadvantages of Brick Masonry Over Stone ...

In brick masonry mortar joints are thin and hence construction cost is reduced considerably. Brick masonry has better fire and weather resistance compared to stone masonry. Disadvantages: Strength of brick masonry is less than that of stone masonry. Durability of brick masonry is less. Brick masonry needs plastering and plastered surface needs ...

Brick Bonds | Masonry YouTube

Dec 12, 2016· Learn all about the different kinds of brick bonds in this introductory video. The information presented here is for educational purposes. Keep .

5 Types of Materials Used in Bricks

This is a very old building material—the type of brick found in many of the ancient structures of the world. In appearance, these bricks are solid blocks of hardened clay, usually reddish in color. Burnt clay bricks are typically sold in four classes, with firstclass offering the best quality and most strength.

Basic Masonry Tools and Materials to Get You Started

Yet doityourself masonry work can be highly satisfying and creative. And aside from the pleasure of seeing a job well done, one of the great things about doing masonry work is that its tools and materials are basic, inexpensive, and easy to comprehend.

Masonry Tools by Trade IRWIN TOOLS

Tools by Trade: Masonry. IRWIN Tools manufactures and distributes a broad assortment of professional tools for the masonry trade professional. For instance, IRWIN offers a full line of masonry drill bits, including the allnew SpeedHammer POWER Masonry Bit. Made of premium steel, with 2X more carbide in the tip, the SpeedHammer POWER bit is optimized...

7 Types of Concrete Block Used in Building Construction

So, if you want to know more about concrete block or concrete masonry units here are the most common type of concrete block used in construction industry. 1. Hollow concrete blocks

Types of scaffolding Scaffolding its classification

Dec 24, 2016· Double Scaffolding. Double scaffolding is widely used for stone masonry works. Provision of holes to support putlogs is difficult, so double scaffolding is preferred consisting of two rows of standards separated by ledgers. The first row of the scaffolding is placed at 2030 cm away from the wall and the next row is kept 1m away from the first row.


Clay brick masonry building is the most likely used type of structural system on housing in Peru and South America. More than 43% of housing are built using this system. In last 2001 Atico (Southern Peru) quake housing build with masonry experimented damage. Main .

Basic Masonry Tools and Materials to Get You Started

As befits a trade that has been in existence since the days of ancient Egypt, masonry work uses common items like crushed stone and limestone from the earth and simple metal shaping tools. If you are interested in doityourself masonry for fireplaces, walls, planters, or just about anything that uses brick or stone, you'll want to invest in a basic set of masonry tools and materials.

MASONRY BASICS 05F Heights Libraries

MASONRY BASICS Masonry is a term used to indicate the part of construction that uses brick, concrete block, structural clay tile, and stone. These materials are held together with mortar. Mortar for masonry is not cement mix, the material used for sidewalks, patios, or driveways. Basically,

16 Different types of slabs in construction | Where to use?

May 21, 2017· The slab may be supported by walls, by reinforced concrete beams usually cast monolithically with the slab, by structural steel beams, by columns, or by the ground. Slabs are classified into 16 types. Different Types of concrete slabs in construction:. There are .

Building Material : Stone Types,Geological,Physical ...

(i) Stone masonry is used for the construction of foundations, walls, columns and arches. (ii) Stones are used for flooring. (iii) Stone slabs are used as damp proof courses, lintels and even as roofing materials. (iv) Stones with good appearance are used for the face works of buildings. Polished marbles and granite are commonly used for face works.

Masonry Mortar Types

In conjunction with stone or other masonry units that have a high compressive strength. Type S Mortar. Type S mortar is a mediumstrength mortar (minimum 1800 psi). Since it is stronger than Type N, it can be used for belowgrade exterior walls and other exterior projects projects like patios.


That specification defines, for all masonry systems, different masonry types. In general, these are distinguished by the amount of portland cement that they use. Types of Masonry Mortar: Types of masonry mortar are designated as shown below. The letters M, N, S, and O represent every second letter of the phrase, "mason work:"


Single Wythe Walls are made of a single vertical stack of brick or concrete block. They are not as thick as Barrier Walls or Cavity Walls. They are one of the least expensive masonry walls you can build. Unfortunately, they are prone to leak if you do not design them carefully.

What are Masonry Joints? (with pictures)

Oct 02, 2019· Masonry joints are used in building construction to secure bricks or concrete materials into the building structure. Mortar is a paste used to create the masonry joints. This material is usually created from a mix of sand, cement, water, and lime. The mortar is applied wet and hardens as it dries.

Structural Non Structural Defects in Building Construction

Structural Non Structural Defects in Building Construction. By: ... Types of Stone Masonry Rubble Masonry and Ashlar Masonry. Types of Floors and Methods of Construction of Floors. Dampness in Buildings and DPC (Damp Proof Course) Reinforced Cement Concrete Design Concepts and Theories.

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